“Adaptation is not simply about doing more,
it is about new ways of thinking and dealing with risk and hazards,
uncertainty and complexity.” (EEA 3/2013)

The mission of the Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory (OPCC) is to accompany the adaptation of the territories of the Pyrenees to the phenomenon of climate change. As such, in August 2011 the Study on adaptation to climate change in the Pyrenees was begun; this project was led by the Midi-Pyrénées Region and the CTP as part of the OPCC-POCTEFA EFA/235/11 project and carried out by ACTeon (France), BC3 (Spain) and FreshThoughts (Austria).

The study presents three complementary documents with the aim of contributing to reflections on climate change in the Pyrenees. These documents fulfil the three main aims of the project:
          -  To analyse the vulnerabilities of the Pyrenees face up climate change;
          - To list and analyse the most relevant adaptation initiatives carried out in the field, both in the Pyrenees and Europe, and to promote practices that are transferable to the Pyrenees to support their dissemination and effective implementation;
          - To prepare recommendations in order to incorporate climate change into the projects, policies and decisions of each of the stakeholders in the Pyrenees.

To fulfil the aims of the study, the consulting group was advised by a monitoring committee made up of representatives from various member institutions of the CTP and members of the Scientific Council, which guided and contributed to substantially improving the results throughout the study. The methodology followed three steps:

etudeThe results.
For more information click on the titles

Diagnosis of the territory

This document is based on a broad review of the literature, and some data are completed with interviews with key stakeholders. This has led to a first approximation of the vulnerabilities of the Pyrenees face up to climate change for each of the most touched sectors: tourism, agriculture and livestock, forests, water management, ecosystems and biodiversity, natural risks, health and infrastructure, and energy and industrial production.

Downloadable documents*:
Etude des impacts et vulnerabilité dans les Pyrénées
Estudio sobre impactos y vulnerabilidad al cambio climático
Guide ‘The Pyrenees adapt to a changing climate’

Inventory and analysis of adaptation iniciatives

The collaboration between stakeholders from different sectors and territories has enabled us to make an inventory of 85 initiatives in the Pyrenees in the area of adaptation for the priority sectors, to which are added 18 initiatives developed in other European massifs which could be transferable to the Pyrenees.
After compiling this inventory, the initiatives were analysed. An analysis framework was established taking into account a wide range of parameters and criteria. The results of this process constitute the database of best practices on adaptation to climate change in mountain areas.

Downloadable documents*:

Analyse des démarches d’adaptation recensées dans les Pyrénées
Análisis de iniciativas de adaptación en los Pirineos
Analyse des démarches d'adaptation européennes
Análisis de las iniciativas europeas
Base de données des démarches d'adaptation au changement climatique en milieu montagnard
Base de datos de iniciativas de adaptación al cambio climático en áreas de montaña


Lastly, all this work is reflected in a series of recommendations for the integration of adaptation to climate change for each of the sectors of activity mentioned, which will be published in a guide targeted to the stakeholders of the Pyrenees -“Integrating climate change adaptation into your activities and policies”-.

Downloadable documents*:

Guide 'Integrating climate change adaptation into your activities and policies'


The study has contributed to involving stakeholders, decision-makers and authorities on the challenges of climate change and adaptation, to enable the development, strengthening and implementation of coordinated medium-term initiatives that are coherent throughout the Pyrenees.
The OPCC plays a crucial role in this context, as it enables the generation and compilation of knowledge for its later dissemination, as a priority, to a first circle of key stakeholders (public and institutional sphere, sector organisations and networks) which can be transmitted to the local stakeholders in the territory.

Synthèse du rapport final
Síntesis del informe final


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* The documents are available in French and Spanish. Only the guides are available in English.





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