cadiAs of today, there is not enough information collected in a consistent manner to first, establish a climate change diagnosis for the entire Pyrenees mountain range and precisely follow trends, and second, consider adaptation strategies that should be put in place. But the key is there, for the Pyrenees, for the future of its ecosystems, and for its populations.

Cooperation is therefore essential in the sense that existing knowledge is pooled together to gain a general overview of the range and thereby optimise information.

Once climate change begins, simultaneous action must be taken on two levels:
        - First, only an immediate and drastic reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) will slow the serious repercussions associated with climate change: this action is to mitigate climate change.
        - Second, societies around the world must accept the challenge of adapting to climate change by reducing vulnerability and adapting stakeholders and territories to the change: this action is to adapt to climate change. Indeed, adaptation measures have become an inevitable and indispensable complement to measures that reduce GHG emissions.

Strategies to mitigate climate change have made great progress over the last twenty years. In contrast, adaptation strategies to climate change have emerged relatively recently. Held up by the lack of knowledge, initial efforts were focused primarily on implementing research programmes.

Furthermore, the impacts of climate change vary, and vary widely, from one area to another depending on geographical, socioeconomic, and cultural contexts. Therefore, adaptation to climate change should be designed primarily at the local and regional level, and solutions must be tailored to each region and each sector relative to those involved.

The Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory

With its role as a key player in the Pyrenees, the Working Community of the Pyrenees (CTP) has decided to develop in this field a framework of shared actions amongst its members. To this effect, the CTP has created the Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory (OPCC).

The purpose of Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory is to follow and understand the climate evolution in the Pyrenees with the aim of limiting the impacts and adapting to its effects by defining appropriate adaptation strategies for socio-economic sectors and the most fragile natural areas. It shall serve to attain valuable information on the environmental situation of the mountain region through the study of climate impact on forests, biodiversity, water and natural risks; and to draw some initial conclusions by way of operational recommendations for other sectors.

To learn more about the project:
OPCC : ‘Who are we?’

> The POCTEFA project (OPCC-EFA 235/11)

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'Observation for adaptation’
was also the theme of the International symposium on climate change in mountain areas, organized by the CTP, in the framework of the project OPCC-POCTEFA, on 6th November 2013 in Pamplona.





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