Adapta Agroecología. Agroecology practices on Can Genover farm (Alt Ampordá - Girona)

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Adapta Agroecología. Agroecology practices on Can Genover farm (Alt Ampordá - Girona)
Thematic sectors: 
Agropastoralism
Political sectors EU: 
agriculture and biodiversity
Geographic characterisation - Biogeographic region: 
Mediterranean
Project duration: 
En ejecución
Adaptation initiative typology: 
Green or based on ecosystem services
Type of climate impact: 
Water scarcity
Frosts
Droughts
Extreme temperatures

Description of the case study

The Adapta Agroecología programme led by the Spanish Society of Organic Farming (SEAE) uses agroecological production and marketing practices to contribute to climate change adaptation in the agricultural sector. Can Genover farm (Vilanat, Alt Empordá) and its manager, the cattle farmer Marisa Reig, are a good example of how the farming and livestock sector can be adapted to the effects of climate change via a strategy which promotes quality, resilience and organic production.

Challenges : 

Organic agriculture and livestock farming are sustainability-based models for food production and management of the region and its natural resources. This approach is now an opportunity to make progress in adapting agriculture to the effects of climate change. It supports knowledge of and respect for natural ecological processes with a view to increasing the resilience of estates/farms. It also promotes management and usage practices for land and water which respect the natural environment, and encourages landowners to maintain agrobiodiversity on their land.
Practices to improve biodiversity enable farms to imitate natural ecological processes and to better respond to the consequences of climate change. In that regard, farmers should monitor their agroecosystems closely and work regularly with other farmers to share information and learn.

Las  prácticas  que  mejoran  la  biodiversidad  permiten  a  las  granjas imitar los procesos ecológicos naturales, lo que les permite responder mejor a los cambios que plantea el cambio climático. Para ello, los agricultores/as deben observar de cerca sus agroecosistemas y, a menudo, trabajar con otros agricultores/as para compartir información y aprender.

Objectives : 

The overall objectives of the Adapta Agroecología programme are as follows:
- Promote joint processes for creating agroecology technology which involve researchers, advisers and producers and which strengthen the capacity of this last group to tackle the consequences of climate change and better adapt.
- Raise awareness among the different levels of society so that they adopt practices which facilitate climate change adaptation, such as consuming organic food.
The specific climate change adaptation objectives on Can Genover farm are as follows:
- Implement agroecological measures to improve crop management and reduce desertification and water scarcity.
- Select appropriate seeds to development pastures which are adapted to the characteristics of each environment and farm.
- Protect the region and conserve the traditional knowledge tied to its natural environment and specific features.
 

Solutions : 

The solutions developed by Marisa Reig at Can Genover to adapt the farm to climate change are as follows:
- Farm with 160 head of Aubrac cattle, a breed well-adapted to the climate and the dry forests of Empordà.
- Extensive Voisin-style rational grazing (to graze exclusively from the estate via livestock management using electric fencing and own fertiliser).
- Agroecological management of the entire estate (265 ha) with crop rotation and minimal cultivation.
- Maintaining hedgerows and flower concentrations which increase the overall biodiversity on the estate.
- Collecting and using rainwater and run-off in ponds to create small aquatic ecosystems.

Importance and relevance of the adaptation : 

Case mainly developed and implemented via objectives from other non-adaptation policies, though with significant consideration for climate change adaptation aspects. 

Key words : 
agroecology
rational grazing
resilience
adapted species
organic livestock farming
Region and / or city: 
Catalonia
Countries involved: 
Spain
Geographical governance level : 
Local
Organisations involved : 

Spanish Society of Organic Farming, Biograssfed

Additional Information

Stakeholder participation : 

The Adapta Agroecología project is led by the Spanish Society of Organic Farming in collaboration with 12 state-wide farms/estates which employ agroecology practices. The project has received funding from Fundación Biodiversidad, part of the Ministry for Ecological Transition.

Success and limiting factors : 

Success: an organic farming community which is united and aware of the need to adapt to climate change; more resilient farms and farming techniques; farmers and livestock farmers are open to innovation; value added of organic produce facilitates quality management.

Limiting: fewer number of farms and hectares used for organic production in Spain, particularly in mountain livestock farming; end consumers have little knowledge of climate change adaptation practices beyond organic farming; low implementation of agri-environmental techniques on conventional farms.

Cost-benefit analysis : 

The Adapta Agroecología project has been funded by Fundación Biodiversidad. Work by Can Genover farm does not receive any specific public funding.

Legal aspects : 

The Adapta Agroecología project has received financial support in the form of grants from Fundación Biodiversidad (part of the Ministry for Ecological Transition) for climate change adaptation projects (2017).

Implementation period : 

In progress

Reference information

Contact : 
SEAE - Mª Jose Gomez
Contact Email: 

Geo-portal

 

 

 

 

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Technical Committee and executive board

Govern d'Andorra Région Nouvelle-Aquitaine Gobierno de Aragón Generalitat de Catalunya Eusko Jaurlaritza | Gobierno Vasco Occitanie Nafarroako Gobernua | Gobierno de Navarra


Steering committee and OPCC2 partners

FORESPIR CTP Universidad Zaragoza IPE - CSIC Conservatorie Botanique National EEAD - CSIC brgm


Cofinancers of the OPCC2 Project

Occitanie alima'agri POCTEFA Fundación Biodiversidad PIMA adapta

PYRENEAN CLIMATE CHANGE OBSERVATORY

Avenida Nuestra Señora de la Victoria, 8
22.700 - Jaca
Huesca - España

+34 974 36 31 00
info_opcc@ctp.org

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