The Pyrenean high mountain lakes and peat bogs are iconic elements of the landscape and the history of the territory. Their management and conservation, within the current context of climate change and increasing anthropogenic pressure, requires a detailed knowledge of the biotic and abiotic processes in these systems, which should include their natural variability and the synergistic effects of the anthropogenic activities on the climate change. The REPLIM project aims to establish a monitoring network in lakes and peat bogs of the Pyrenees in order to characterize the impact of climate change on these vulnerable high mountain ecosystems, both locally and throughout the territory. The REPLIM network will also make it possible to identify the impacts that occurred before the industrial revolution and the Great Acceleration of the second half of the 20th century, and quantify the most recent ones. Finally, the REPLIM project will attempt to model the effects that the projected climate change will have on these ecosystems in the near future.
REPLIM aims to contribute to the challenge of assessing the impact of climate change in the territory and the development of mitigation and adaptation policies based on scientific knowledge. To this end, REPLIM focuses on increasing cooperation between scientists, managers and citizens from the Pyrenean area, with the objective of establishing a network of observatories of lakes and peatlands that make possible to characterize the climate change and its effects along the Pyrenees. The main objectives of the project are to:
1. Establish a monitoring network of lakes and peatlands that brings together scientists and managers specialized in climate change research in high mountain systems.
2. Define the most appropriate protocols for the characterization of the impacts of CC and human activities in the lakes and peat bogs of the Pyrenees
3. Prepare a report on the current situation of the lakes and peat bogs of the Pyrenees, their recent evolution and the possible impacts of the CC on them
4. Encourage and Integrate citizen science activities into the network
With the aim of identifying the most appropriate protocols and indicators to characterize the effects of CC and on high mountain lakes and peat bogs in the Pyrenees, a multidisciplinary methodology will be applied to the sites of the network. It will include the:
The results of REPLIM will contribute to the development and implementation of the Pyrenean Climate Change Observatory strategy and action plan for the 2016-2019 period.
The main expected results of the project will be the:
The partners that take part in the REPLIM project are distributed and work in different areas of the Pyrenean territory:
The project has been 65% cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the Interreg V-A Spain France Andorra programme (POCTEFA 2014-2020). POCTEFA aims to reinforce the economic and social integration of the French–Spanish–Andorran border. Its support is focused on developing economic, social and environmental cross-border activities through joint strategies favouring sustainable territorial development.